Henry VIII Exposé entièrement en anglais
Publié le 05/03/2023
Extrait du document
Exposé entièrement en anglais
The year is 1509 Henry Born at Placentia Palace on 28
June 1491, Henry Tudor is the third child and second
son of King Henry VII and Elizabeth Of Henry's six
siblings, only three (Arthur of Wales, Margaret and
Mary) reach adulthood
the English king is adorned with the qualities of a
baptized by the Bishop of Exeter Richard Fox in a
Franciscan church not far from the palace.
In 1493, at the age of two, he was made Constable of Dover Castle and Governor of the Five Ports.
The following year he became Earl Marshal of England, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Duke of York, Warden of the Marches and joined the Order of the Bath.
In May 1495 he was appointed to the Order of the Garter Henry received a very careful education, being fluent in English, Latin and French and having some knowledge of Italian.
Little is known about his childhood as he was not a Prince of Wales and was not destined to become King I said he was not destined to become king because he had an older brother arthur Arthur died suddenly, perhaps of sweat or tuberculosis at 15 in april 1502 after 20 weeks of marriage to a certain katherine.
All his prerogatives and titles were thus passed on to the ten-year-old Henry, who became Duke of Cornwall in October, then Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester in February 1503 Henry VII continued his attempts to seal an alliance between England and Spain by proposing to marry Henry to Catherine.
The idea had arisen immediately after Arthur's death and an agreement to marry was signed on 23 June 1503.
Religious laws forbade marriage between family members and a papal dispensation was requested and granted by the Pope Later, relations between Henry VII and Ferdinand II deteriorated and the prospect of marriage seemed to be slipping away.
Catherine therefore lived a relatively reclusive life, and was appointed ambassador by her father to allow her to remain in England indefinitely. After his father's funeral on 10 May, Henry VIII declared that he would marry Catherine even though the issues surrounding the Papal dispensation remained unresolved.
The wedding ceremony was sober and held at the Franciscan church in Greenwich.
On 23 June 1509 Henry VIII led Catherine from the Tower of London to Westminster Abbey for their coronation, which took place the following day Catherine of Aragon became pregnant shortly after the wedding and gave birth to a stillborn daughter on 31 January 1510, and soon after gave birth to a son called Henry on 1 January 1511.
After the grief caused by the loss of their first child, the couple rejoiced at the birth and many celebrations, including a jousting tournament, were organised but the child died after seven weeks In the early 1520 Henry VIII had a relationship with Mary Boleyn, who had become one of the ladies-inwaiting of Catherine of Aragon.
It was claimed that he was the father of her two children, Catherine and Henry, but this was never proven and the King did not recognise them Now we'll talk about why Henry is a king like no other Arthur's death was closely followed by that of Henry VIII's mother, Elizabeth of York, when a daughter was born and died.
This death obviously affected Henry VIII,
enough so that he named his own daughter Elizabeth
and, on her father's death, brought his cousin, Lady
Margaret Pole, back to court.
It would also seem that his mother's death was a trauma and that he later sought to recapture all his mother's qualities with his wives, resulting in several disasters In the early 1520s Henry VIII had a relationship with Mary Boleyn, who had become one of the ladies-inwaiting of Catherine of Aragon.
It was claimed that he was the father of her two children, Catherine and Henry, but this was never proven and the King did not recognise them as he did Henry FitzRoy.
Another unsubstantiated rumour is that Henry also had an affair with Mary's mother, Elizabeth Howard.
As Henry VIII despaired of Catherine's inability to give him the male heir he desired, he approached Mary's sister, Anne Boleyn, a young woman who was also one of the Queen's bridesmaids.49 She resisted his advances, however, and became the first woman to be married to Mary.
However, she resisted his advances and refused to become his mistress as her sister was.
It is in this context that Henry VIII weighs up his three options for obtaining an heir and thus resolving what the court refers to as the 'great dilemma' or the Great Affair of the King.
He can legitimise Henry FitzRoy, which would require papal intervention and could be contested; betroth his daughter Mary as soon as possible and hope for a grandson who could inherit directly - but she is only about ten years old and may not produce an heir until after his death; or somehow separate from Catherine and marry a woman capable of giving him a son.
The latter possibility, and the prospect of marrying Anne, seems the most desirable to Henry VIII and his desire to have his marriage annulled soon becomes clear. In 1531, Catherine of Aragon was expelled from court and her flats were given to Anne Boleyn.
Anne Boleyn, a particularly intelligent and cultured woman for her time In the winter of 1532, Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn met Francis I in Calais and obtained the support of the French king for the marriage.
Immediately after his return to Dover, Henry VIII and Anne were married in secret.
She soon became pregnant, and a second ceremony was held in London on 25 January 1533.
On 23 May 1533, Cranmer presided over a special court and annulled the marriage of Henry VIII and Catherine; five days later, he formalised the marriage of Henry VIII and Anne. Catherine formally lost her title of Queen and became 'Dowager Princess' as Arthur's widow, and Anne was crowned Queen Consort on 1 June 1533.
She gave birth on 7 September to a daughter named Elizabeth in honour of the King's mother, Elizabeth of York. The King and Queen are not happy with their married life, not least because Anne refuses to be the submissive wife he expects her to be.
The quick wit that made her so attractive is now incompatible with the largely ceremonial role of a queen, and this earns her many enmities, especially from Cromwell.
For his part, Henry VIII resented Anne's irritability and, after a nervous pregnancy or miscarriage in 1534, saw her failure to give him a son as a betrayal.
By Christmas 1534, Henry VIII discussed with Cranmer and Cromwell the possibility of leaving Anne.... »
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