DNL seas and oceans
Publié le 01/02/2023
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the document is a graphic published in 2018 by the FAO (The Food and
Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
This document talks about the increase in the exploitation of fishery resources.
Today maritimisation is one of the biggest part of the globalization.
Seas and oceans are important vectors of this globalized world.
Hydrocarbons account for the largest part of energy resources.
Offshore currently accounts for 30% of global oil production and 27% of gas (according to INSEE).
Fishery resources are the oldest exploited in the seas and oceans and are therefore very important. we will therefore see how the seas and oceans are essential and increasingly exploited reserves of resources.
first we will observe the resources exploited in the world and then we will study the case of France and its resources. Since the beginning of maritimisation, one of the main challenges for the different nations with EEZs has been the exploitation of different resources such as fisheries resources (crustacean fish...), hydrocarbons (gas, oil...) and finally polymetallic nodules.
These various resources play a very important role in the economy created by maritimization.
It is therefore logical that we should see growing exploitation.
As a result, the graph we have on fisheries resources illustrates this very well.
that since 1950 there has been a very strong increase in fishing in the
world (from 20 million tonnes of fish caught on the high seas to 100
million in 2018) and fish farming there has been a strong increase.
This is also true for other resources.
Demands for raw materials must be met by more intensive exploitation.
One example is the growing presence of polymetallic nodule mining sites throughout the world.
Unfortunately, these operations often result in new problems that we are faced with today. These problems are as growing as the demand for resources.
Among these problems we can see tensions and complications in the exploitation of resources ever further away from the countries concerned.
The most current example is, of course, that of the tensions in the China Sea. Therefore, China wants to have a monopoly on the exploitation of the China Sea, which is a strategic location for global maritime trade.
Indeed, the China Sea has many resources (see above).
Among these tensions is the one between Vietnam and China over the giant oil platform laid by China in the Vietnamese EEZ.
This controversy is a perfect illustration of the problems posed by the exploitation of the world’s.... »
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