Aide en Philo


Publié le 27/01/2024

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He said that he … probably work for an NGO when he … his studies. A.

would / had completed B.

will / will complete C.

would / would finish D.

Ø / completes 2.

He has travelled all over the world, but he still … Spain. A.

isn’t gone in B.

hasn’t gone in C.

hasn’t been in D.

hasn’t visited 3.

"Oh, that's far, far too much! … it away and … me about a quarter of it." A.

Taking / bringing B.

Take / bring C.

Bring / take D.

Took / bring 4.

It is obvious that banks cannot … unless people wish to … ! A.

lend / borrow B.

borrow / lend C.

borrow / loan D.

lending / borrow 5.

He decided to … China. A.

go in B.

go to C.

get in 6.

She objects … treated like this. A.

to be B.

to have C.

being D.

be to D.

to being 7.

I have to admit, I … you: this … project is very attractive! A.

am agree with / developpement B.

am agree / development C.

agree / developpment D.

agree with / development 8.

This car is too expensive for me; I would have to … a lot of money … the bank. A.

borrow / to B.

borrow / from C.

lend / at D.

borrow /at 9.

It is high time the government … the Opposition. A.

listened B.

has listened C.

should listen to 10.

How much did you … your car? A.

pay B.

paid C.

pay for D.

pay D.

listened to 11.

They had to wait … the war ended, that is … 1990s. A.

until / in the late B.

till / in late C.

that / in the late D.

until / in earlier 12.

In case you need some advice, you should contact … . A.

a union representant B.

an union official C.

a union official D.

an union representative 13.

I think he will … with you on that question. A.

agreed B.

agree C.

be agree D.

be agreeing 14.

If she … more time she … us more often. A.

had had / might have visited B.

has had / will visit C.

has had / would have visited D.

would have / would visit 15.

He … in this famous computer company since the beginning of the year. A.

works B.

is working C.

has been working D.

worked 16.

More and more people … automatic cars now. A.

used to drive B.

is used to driving C.

have used to drive D.

are used to driving 17.

It is usually far less … to use one’s car than taking the bus. A.

economy B.

economic C.

economical D.

saving 18.

This incident only happened … . A.

for 5 years B.

5 years ago D.

there are 5 years C.

there is 5 years 19.

“Ophelia won’t answer the phone!” — “ … Stephanie!” A.

Try to phone B.

Try phoning C.

Try to calling D.

Try to call 20.

After long discussions they … decided to … the offer. A.

eventually / turn down B.

actually / turned C.

eventually / turned D.

little / turn 21.

They have been living in this area … they … from America. A.

since / have returned B.

ever since / returned C.

for / return D.

while / return 22.

“Just … some dessert, and when the party’s over I’ll … you back home. A.

take /take B.

bring / bring C.

bring / take D.

take /bring 23.

By 10 am tomorrow, the teacher … more than 80 tests. A.

will have marked B.

has marked C.

will mark D.

would mark 24.

My sister is not home yet.

She … to the cinema. A.

has gone B.

has been C.

had been D.

had gone 25.

One viewer … five … over 3 hours watching TV every single day. A.

on / passes B.

out of / passes C.

on / spends D.

out of every / spends 26.

… arrived earlier, he’d have found the … he needed most. A.

He had / information B.

Had he / informations C.

Had he / information D.

He had / informations 27.

If you keep … video games all day long, you risk … your job! A.

playing / loosing B.

on playing / to loose C.

playing / losing D.

playing at / loose 28.

He may not recover from his heart attack, … he stops smoking. A.

however B.

nevertheless C.

unless D.

whether 29.

Gustav has worked in Russia for a long time and speaks perfect Russian, but …, he is German. A.

actually B.

currently C.

presently D.

the truth 30.

“They … leave right now, … they will miss their plane.” A.

had better / otherwise B.

would better / otherwise C.

had better / if no D.

had better / either PARTIE 2 – QCM DE COMPREHENSION DE TEXTE The renewable delusion If they are to power the world, projects such as biofuel plants and wind farms will devastate the landscape, a report has found. Large-scale renewable energy projects will cause widespread environmental damage by industrialising vast swaths of countryside, according to a professor of environmental science. The warning comes after an analysis of the amount of land that renewable energy resources, including wind farms, biofuel crops and solar cells, require to produce substantial amounts of power. The study found that enormous stretches of countryside would have to be converted into intensive farmland or developed with buildings and access roads for renewable energy plants to make a significant contribution to global energy demands.

Renewable energies were ranked according to the amount of power they produce for each square metre of land.

The assessment allows direct comparison between the different approaches, based on the impact they will have on the surrounding landscape. The analysis showed that damming rivers to make use of hydroelectric power was among the most harmful to the landscape, producing about 0.1 watts of power per square metre.

The world's largest dam, the Three Gorges power station on the Yangtze river in China, stores nearly 40bn cubic metres of water, submerging land that was previously home to more than 1 million people.

Biofuel crops and wind energy fared better in the study, with both generating about 1.2w per square metre.

Leading the renewable energy sources were photovoltaic solar cells, which use sunlight to create electricity, at about six to seven watts to a square metre. The investigation showed how much land renewable energies would need to provide electricity for large populations and compared them with output from nuclear power stations. In one example he showed that damming rainfall and flooding the entire Canadian province of Ontario would generate hydroelectric power equivalent to 80% of that produced by the country's 25 nuclear power plants.

Another calculation revealed that to meet US energy demands for 2005 with wind power would require constant winds blowing on to wind farms covering more than 780,000 sq km of land, the area of Texas and Louisiana combined.

A comparison of solar and nuclear energy found that a hectare of photovoltaic cells was needed to produce the same amount of power as one litre of fuel in the core of a nuclear reactor. The report breaks what it calls the “taboo of talking about the strong negative aspects of renewables”, by focusing on examples that highlight their limitations.

“When most people think of renewables and their impact, they're mistaking pleasant landscaping with what would be a massive industrial transformation of the landscape.

A fundamental credo of being green is that you cause minimal interference to the landscape.

We should be farming less land, logging less forest and trawling less ocean — disturbing the landscape less and sparing land for nature.

But all of these renewable sources of energy are incredibly invasive and aggressive with regard to nature.

Renewables may be renewable, but they are not green.” The report also criticises plans for widespread farming of biofuels.

With current technology, it is estimated that one to two hectares of land would be needed to produce fuel for each of the world's 700m cars and other motor vehicles.

“From an environmental point of view the biofuels business is a madness.” According to the report, despite technical and political concerns, nuclear power plants still ranked as the most environmentally friendly for large conurbations.

“The good news about nuclear is that over the past 50 years all of the forms of waste storage seem to have worked.” Adapted from The Guardian Weekly 03.08.07 D’après le texte, pour chaque question, une seule proposition est correcte. 1.


The main objection to renewable energy sources is that they will lead to heavy industrialisation. B.

The reason why resorting to renewable energy.... »


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